Month: February 2022

Bacterial Endospores

Microorganisms sense and adapt to changes in their environment. When favourite nutrients are depleted, some bacteria may become mobile to seek out nutrients or may produce enzymes to exploit alternative resources. An example of an extreme survival strategy employed by certain low G+C Gram-positive bacteria is endospore formation. This complex developmental process often begins in …

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Bacterial Conjugation

Definition of bacterial conjugation Bacterial conjugation is a way that a bacterial cell transfers genetic material to another bacterial cell. The genetic material that is transferred through bacterial conjugation is a small plasmid, known as an F-plasmid (F for fertility factor), which carries different genetic information than what is already present in the bacterial cell’s …

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Microbiology is the study of microorganisms or microbes, a diverse group of usually tiny simple life forms that include bacteria, archaea, algae, fungi, protozoa, and viruses. The field deals with the structure, function, and classification of such organisms and with ways to exploit and control their activities. The discovery in the 17th century of living …

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